Did you know there are 4 major types of Radish? Not just round ones verses long ones, but black ones and watermelon radishes too. In many parts of the world the green radish tops are eaten as a vegetable too. They can be thrown in soups and stir fry dishes along with other greens.
Radishes like the Japanese Daikon, the long fat white vegetable, are very mild and often used raw or cooked and even pickled. The Black Spanish Radish is fiery hot, mostly used as a pickle or garnish but also added to stews as “heat”. The more common round red one is a great addition to many dishes. Don’t limit it to just salad.
- They are one of very few low calorie root vegetables. Fresh root provides just 16 calories per 100 g. Nonetheless; they are a very good source of anti-oxidants, electrolytes, minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber.
- Radish, like other cruciferous and Brassica family vegetables, contains isothiocyanate anti-oxidant compound calledsulforaphane. Studies suggest that sulforaphane has proven role against prostate, breast, colon and ovarian cancers by virtue of its cancer-cell growth inhibition, and cyto-toxic effects on cancer cells.
- Fresh roots are good source of vitamin C; provide about 15 mg or 25% of DRI of vitamin C per 100 g. Vitamin-C is a powerful water soluble anti-oxidant required by the body for synthesis of collagen. It helps the body scavenge harmful free radicals, prevention from cancers, inflammation and help boost immunity.
- In addition, they contain adequate levels of folates, vitamin B-6, riboflavin, thiamin and minerals such as iron, magnesium, copper and calcium.
- Further, they contain many phytochemicals like indoles which are detoxifying agents and zea-xanthin, lutein and beta carotene, which are flavonoid antioxidants.
They are easy to grow. They like the cool weather of spring and fall and mature in just 30 days. You can even grow them in a deep pot. If you let them grow too long they develp lovely flowers and a seed pod both of which are edible. Let a few go to seed to attrack bees and butterflies to your garden as well.
Inspired by: HindustanTimes